Baltic Dairy Board GOS (galacto-oligosaccharides) is a product with a strong prebiotic and immunity strengthening properties, therefore it is widely used in various food-related industries and products, as GOS (galacto-oligosaccharides) are indigestible compound carbohydrates.
GOS has a beneficial effect on the gastro-intestinal microflora. It has an incentive effect on Lactobacillus spp. and Bifidobacterium spp. formation, increases amount/ relative proportion of microflora bacteria that are beneficial for health.
GOS for human consumption:
- infant formula;
- musli bars;
- soups and sauces;
- baby food;
- clinical nutrition.
GOS functional properties:
- stable for storage at room temperature;
- thermally stable;
- pH stable;
- good solubility in water;
- lightly sweet;
Examples of the use of GOS for human consumption by functionality:
- pastry products – attracts moisture and low-caloric value, improves texture and taste (Illanes et al., 2016);
- non-alcoholic beverages – improves taste without changing clearness (Franck, 2008);
- acts as a functional, non-cariogenic sweetener. Improves texture and flavour, like sucralose (Torres et al., 2010);
- does not crystallize even at high concentrations, which is an advantage for products where crystal formation is not desirable (Torres et al., 2011);
- crio-protective effect for probiotic strains of Lactobacillus genus (Tymczyszyn et al., 2011).
GOS is approved by:
- USA Food and Drug Administration (FDA) with GRAS status;
- European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) novel foods;
- Foods for particular nutritional uses (PARNUTs) status within EU;
- Food for Specified Health Uses (FOSHU) in Japan.
GOS is being used in animal feed as a functional feed ingredient.
Antibiotics prohibition promotes usage of prebiotics in animal feed, as a healthy alternative (Huyghebaert et al., 2011).