Baltic Dairy Board GOS (galacto-oligosaccharides) is a product with a strong prebiotic and immunity strengthening properties, therefore it is widely used in various food-related industries and products, as GOS (galacto-oligosaccharides) are indigestible compound carbohydrates.


GOS has a beneficial effect on the gastro-intestinal microflora. It has an incentive effect on Lactobacillus spp. and Bifidobacterium spp. formation, increases amount/ relative proportion of microflora bacteria that are beneficial for health.


GOS for human consumption:

  • infant formula;
  • yogurts;
  • musli bars;
  • pastry;
  • soups and sauces;
  • baby food;
  • buttermilk;
  • clinical nutrition.


GOS functional properties:

  • stable for storage at room temperature;
  • thermally stable;
  • pH stable;
  • good solubility in water;
  • lightly sweet;
  • non-cariogenic.


Examples of the use of GOS for human consumption by functionality:

  • pastry products – attracts moisture and low-caloric value, improves texture and taste (Illanes et al., 2016);
  • non-alcoholic beverages – improves taste without changing clearness (Franck, 2008);
  • acts as a functional, non-cariogenic sweetener. Improves texture and flavour, like sucralose (Torres et al., 2010);
  • does not crystallize even at high concentrations, which is an advantage for products where crystal formation is not desirable (Torres et al., 2011);
  • crio-protective effect for probiotic strains of Lactobacillus genus (Tymczyszyn et al., 2011).


GOS is approved by:

  • USA Food and Drug Administration (FDA) with GRAS status;
  • European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) novel foods;
  • Foods for particular nutritional uses (PARNUTs) status within EU;
  • Food for Specified Health Uses (FOSHU) in Japan.


GOS is being used in animal feed as a functional feed ingredient.

Antibiotics prohibition promotes usage of prebiotics in animal feed, as a healthy alternative (Huyghebaert et al., 2011).